Music therapy as an addition to standard care helps people with schizophrenia to improve their global state, mental state (including negative symptoms) and social functioning if a sufficient number of music therapy sessions are provided by qualified music therapists. Further research should especially address the long-term effects of music therapy, dose-response relationships, as well as the relevance of outcomes measures in relation to music therapy. Music therapy is a therapeutic method that uses music experiences to help people with serious mental disorders to develop relationships and to address issues they may not be able to using words alone. Studies to date have examined the effects of music therapy as an add-on treatment to standard care. The results of these studies suggest that music therapy improves global state and may also improve mental state and functioning if a sufficient number of music therapy sessions are provided.– Music therapy for people with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like disorders (Mössler K, Chen X, Heldal TO, Gold C)[1]

In conjunction with the research question of the effectiveness of music interventions on adolescents, evidence points to the music therapy technique of lyric analysis being an effective intervention for mental health professionals working with adolescents. Research establishes adolescence  40 to be a unique period in a person’s life requiring specific interventions to engage these clients in psychotherapy. In considering the significant impact music has on the life of an adolescent, lyric analysis tactfully recognizes the significance of an adolescent’s preferred music while utilizing the symbolic meaning behind the music to facilitate in-depth therapeutic discussion. -The Effectiveness of Music Interventions in Psychotherapy with Adolescent Clients (Hope Lauren Esala)[2]

The present study has found that music creates significant changes in systolic tension arterial and pulse oximeter values; significantly decreases pain, Faces Anxiety Scale, and state anxiety means scores and increases general comfort level. More research is needed on the effects of music offered by a trained music therapist. –The Effect of Music on Comfort, Anxiety and Pain in the Intensive Care Unit: A Case in Turkey (Hatice Çiftçi, MSc, RN, Gürsel Öztunç, PhD) [3]



According to a paper in the UK-based Journal of Advanced Nursing, listening to music can reduce chronic pain from a range of painful conditions, including osteoarthritis, disc problems, and rheumatoid arthritis, by up to 21%. [ref]


Diabetes: Injectable Insulin Treatment – Lose a Leg and Gain Possible Coma

by Thomas McGregor and Amy Gaines

Insulin Routines

  • Insulin is required for people with type 1 diabetes and sometimes necessary for people with type 2 diabetes.
  • The syringe is the most common form of insulin delivery, but there are other options, including insulin pens and pumps.
  • Insulin should be injected in the same general area of the body for consistency, but not the exact same place.
  • Insulin delivery should be timed with meals to effectively process the glucose entering your system.

With the help of your health care team, you can find an insulin routine that will keep your blood glucose near normal, help you feel good, and fit your lifestyle.

Type 1

People diagnosed with type 1 diabetes usually start with two injections of insulin per day of two different types of insulin and generally progress to three or four injections per day of insulin of different types. The types of insulin used to depend on their blood glucose levels. Studies have shown that three or four injections of insulin a day give the best blood glucose control and can prevent or delay the eye, kidney, and nerve damage caused by diabetes.

Type 2

Most people with type 2 diabetes may need one injection per day without any diabetes pills. Some may need a single injection of insulin in the evening (at supper or bedtime) along with diabetes pills. Sometimes diabetes pills stop working, and people with type 2 diabetes will start with two injections per day of two different types of insulin. They may progress to three or four injections of insulin per day.

Studies Concerning Pharmaceutical Treatment of Diabetes

Compiled by researchers from the U.K., the new study involved carefully scrutinizing the safety of insulin injections in order to gain a more thorough understanding of the treatment’s many possible side effects. Utilizing data from the U.K. General Practice Research Database, which included nearly 85,000 patients with Type II diabetes, researchers compared the side effects of insulin injections alone with four other common treatment protocols for the disease.

In the study the conclusion cited as follows: “The primary aim of diabetes management is the achievement and maintenance of normoglycemia. The importance of glucose control in reducing vascular outcomes is well known.” Something to notice about this statement is that the researchers are most interested in the management and maintenance of diabetes versus a cure. This results in the entire study being more about how to manage versus cure diabetes, which implies a continuation of the diabetic condition.

Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat, or feeling tired. About 30% of people have atypical symptoms. Women more often have atypical symptoms than men. Among those over 75 years old, about 5% have had an MI with little or no history of symptoms. An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, cardiogenic shock, or cardiac arrest. Metformin suppressed the liver into producing and releasing less sugar. 

Compared to metformin monotherapy, sulfonylurea monotherapy, metformin plus sulfonylurea combination therapy, and insulin plus metformin combination therapy, insulin monotherapy was found to increase the risk of both stroke and cancer by about 43 percent, and major adverse cardiac events by about 74 percent. And while the risk of myocardial infarction almost doubles while on insulin monotherapy, a risk of neuropathy more than doubles, according to the figures. Metformin is a hydrochloride (a chemical complex composed of an organic base (such as an alkaloid) in association with hydrogen chloride). Chemistry, a hydrochloride is an acid salt resulting, or regarded as resulting, from the reaction of hydrochloric acid with an organic base. An alternative name is chlorhydrate, which comes from French.

Endogenous means originating within the body, and exogenous means originating outside the body. Health professionals who treat people with diabetes often apply these terms to insulin: Endogenous insulin refers to the insulin the pancreas makes, and exogenous insulin refers to the insulin people inject or infuse via an insulin pump.

Sulfonylureas are a class of organic compounds used in medicine and agriculture. They are antidiabetic drugs widely used in the management of diabetes mellitus type 2. They act by increasing insulin release from the beta cells in the pancreas. A number of sulfonylureas are also used as herbicides (“weedkiller”) because they can interfere with plant biosynthesis of certain amino acids.

Being in a phenotypically different subgroup: Phenotypically is an observable physical or biochemical characteristic of an individual, as determined by both genetic makeup and environmental influences.  When you are placed in a subgroup, you are placed with a different or distinct group within a group; a subdivision of the main group.

Fact: 60% of the world’s type 2 diabetics live in Asia due to a high level of grains consumed in the typical Asian diet. 

In a CBS Miami report, takers of Metformin were willing to pay higher co-pays for a supplemental drug Invokana regardless of the increased risk of side effects. Same takers of the Metformin drug cited stomach and energy level issues when taking it. Invokana is an add-on in addition to Metformin and therein increases the risk of side effects. Additionally, Invokana (Johnson & Johnson) has had major litigation challenges since the side effects of the drug have become increasingly evident. In May 2017, the FDA issued another safety warning indicating that Invokana could increase the risk of leg and foot amputations. According to the FDA, between the launch of Invokana in March 2013 and June 6, 2014, the agency received at least 20 adverse event reports of users of SGLT2(The sodium/glucose cotransporter 2  is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC5A2(solute carrier family 5 (sodium/glucose cotransporter)) gene. SGLT2 is a member of the sodium glucose cotransporter family which are sodium-dependent glucose transport proteins. SGLT2 is the major cotransporter involved in glucose reabsorption in the kidney.) inhibitors, or kidney failure, suffering ketoacidosis. These resulted in hospitalization or the need for emergency room visits in every case. The FDA reported that it has continued to receive adverse event reports of similar problems since that time, and the agency is investigating the potential side effects of Invokana and related diabetes treatments. Although Invokana works by inhibiting kidney function, and several experts have suggested that the drug makers knew or should have known about the risk of kidney problems from Invokana, potential failure to warn claims are being reviewed for individuals who have suffered kidney failure after using the type 2 diabetes drug. In September 2015, the FDA issued a safety warning indicating that Invokana may increase the risk of bone fractures.


Victoza slows down digestion which “makes you feel fuller, longer” This does not treat the root cause, which is the decision on what you eat. What Victozaoza does is try to force you into not eating less by biochemical manipulation, not controlling what your lifestyle choices.

On May 17, 2015, in a Fox New report Dr. Mar Siegal cited that pharmaceuticals like Metformin and Janovia preserve a hormone called incretin. Dr. Siegal said that “Incretin is a hormone that is a precursor to insulin. Our body is trying to get rid of incretin all the time – that particular hormone and, Janovia keeps it around.” Wouldn’t seem logical that if the body is naturally attempting to get rid of the incretin in the body and, that taking a drug with noted side-effects that will keep the hormone around, is technically a toxic idea? Dr. Siegal went on to say that even if you aren’t that heavy but, are binge eating all the time that Janovia can help with that. Yes, you read that correctly. (Dr. Marc Siegel is an American physician, Fox News medical correspondent)

Bottom Line

These pharmaceutical drugs are by prescription only.

If you don’t want to change your lifestyle to something more healthy, you will still pay with the vast array of side-effects that these drugs hold in-store for you. Furthermore, stacking pharmaceuticals only increases your chances for drastic side-effects with the possibility of death.

The choice is yours.






Your Heart Heart’s Yoga


In a delightful publication in BestLife Magazine, Dr. Oz spoke of the importance of daily activity with a specific reference to doing a morning’s worth of yoga. 

With the stressors that seem to mount everyday, we must take action to keep our minds and body’s in top-notch condition. This is arguably done best by gaining strength in heart. Our heart is the central organ the provides for us the blood we need to the entirety of our body. The way we think, breath and live are all interdependent on the strength of the heart. Therefore, we should be ever conscious of how we treat it — more importantly — how we care for it. 

In honor of Dr. Oz, here are several yoga posses that should be taken daily, as a cardiovascular strengthening pill.

Supported corpse pose (salamba savasana)

Physical benefit: Opens the chest, shoulders, and neck muscles
Mental benefit: Poses practiced on the floor like this one promote calm and serenity, while the support of the floor and blankets make you feel coddled. Practice this pose whenever you have difficulty relaxing or falling asleep. Its comforting nature will put your anxious mind at ease.


Wide-legged forward bend (prasarita padottanasana)

Physical benefit: Stretches the legs, pelvis, and shoulders

Mental benefit: The wide stance in this pose makes you feel deeply connected with the earth, making you feel grounded and strong. The intense stretch in the chest, back, and shoulders frees up your heart and makes you feel (and appear) more open to love.


Tree pose (vrksasana) (A)

Physical benefit: Stretches and strengthens the pelvis and legs, lengthens the torso, opens the hips

Mental benefit: Teetering back and forth? It’s okay, trees sway in the wind too. The focus this pose requires teaches you to channel your energy away from your sadness and into the task at hand: Balance. The more secure you begin to feel in this pose, the more secure you will feel emotionally too.


Tree pose (vrksasana) (B)

Rooting down through the left leg, extend your arms up toward the sky, shoulder-width apart, palms facing each other. Now, gently lean your torso back into a slight backbend. Hold for 3 to 10 breaths and repeat on the opposite side.


Dancer pose (natarajasana), modified

Physical benefit: Lengthens and strengthens the thigh muscles while opening the upper body

Mental benefit: There’s nothing easy about this pose, but still, it’s beautiful. Dancer’s pose teaches you to find beauty and humor in chaos.

Portions of the information in this article are curtesy of Women’sHealth. 


The Most Effective Breakfast

Breakfast is the one meal that we all seem to skim by without taking apart of. Interestingly, this is also the most important meal of the day because it sets the tone and energy level for the rest of the day. Therefore, the importance of eating a balanced nutritious breakfast may be more important than we realize.

After experimenting with many different varieties of home breakfast options, I have possibly found the most effective home breakfast option ever. I will outline it below:

Bananas: Two:  200 calories

This food is very low in Saturated Fat, Cholesterol and Sodium. It is also a good source of Dietary Fiber, Vitamin C, Potassium and Manganese, and a very good source of Vitamin B6.

Honey: 1 tbsp: 64 calories

This food has complex 17.3 carbohydrates, 0g saturated fat and 1mg of sodium. This will give your natural energy that will sustain throughout the morning and afternoon without over-spiking your insulin.


Almond Butter: 2 tbsp: 202 calories.

This food contains 6.8g of carbohydrates, 1.5g of saturated fat and 5g of protein. This will give fuel to your brain and muscles with an added boost to support your blood sugar.

Combine this on a plate with your bananas split open to hold the honey and almond butter. For added flavor, you can add mint leaf or event a bit of cinnamon. This is a really great way to start the day! Enjoy my friends!

Exercising to Expand Your Mind

The importance of working out, even in a formal gym, is celebrated as an amazing investment one can participate in in order to condition the body and the mind. The mind is really what I’m concerned about in this particular post. Through physically challenging activitiesCAM00432-1 we experience many changes, bodily alterations is what we typically look for. However, as we progress we find that the real changes and challenges stem from our internal thoughts – our mind.

We deeply associate with our body, on every level. When the body becomes injured we say, “I am hurt”. Because we associate so deeply, sometimes it takes great pain or discomfort to have a shift in mental capacity. Even though this is completely possible, and inevitable, there is one final step in order to have a shift in mind set through physical excursion, that is; acceptance. We must accept the pain and therefore become fluid in the face of massive discomfort. This allows for massive alteration in the way we think. We are empowered with a release thereafter this pain is accepted and surpassed. Our mind toughens, focuses and clears. These are the rewards we receive for acknowledging one of the most basic components of human existence – pain. To think, we get rewarded for a simple recognition. Just think.