Luke 12: 8-10
A firm belief in the doctrine of God’s universal providence and the extent of it would satisfy us when in peril, and encourage us to trust God in the way of duty. Providence takes notice of the meanest creatures, even of the sparrows, and therefore of the smallest interests of the disciples of Christ. Those who confess Christ now shall be owned by him in the great day, before the angels of God. To deter us from denying Christ, and deserting his truths and ways, we are here assured that those who deny Christ, though they may thus save life itself, and though they may gain a kingdom by it, will be great losers at last; for Christ will not know them, will not own them, nor show them favour. But let no trembling, penitent backslider doubt of obtaining forgiveness. This is far different from the determined enmity that is blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, which shall never be forgiven because it will never be repented of. (Matthew Henry)
Luke is only mentioned by name three times in Scripture, and all three references are in Paul’s letters: Colossians 4, 2 Timothy 4, and Philemon 1. Most biblical scholars support Luke as the author of the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts. We can come to this conclusion because of the similarity of writing styles and vocabulary in both books; another reason is that Luke used the term “we” several times to refer to his missionary travels in the book of Acts. Though Luke was not present with Jesus during His ministry, and likely was not a believer until after Jesus’ resurrection, Luke’s attention to detail and abundant eyewitness accounts serve him as a credible historian for the life, death, and resurrection of Christ.
Luke’s gospel contains several parables and eyewitness accounts that are only in his gospel, such as a pre-birth account for John the Baptist, the story of the two men who met the resurrected Jesus on the road to Emmaus, as well as stories of miraculous healing. His gospel is the longest of the 4 gospels and includes the most healing stories, showing his interest in and compassion for the sick. His gospel also has the most detailed birth account and a more descriptive death and resurrection account for Jesus. The Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts total 52 chapters, making Luke the author of 1/3 of the New Testament, just like Paul.
It is most likely that Luke wrote his gospel in 63AD before the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem since he does not mention it. As a detailed and observant writer, it would be odd for him to leave out such a historic event, but there are still some scholars who argue for a later date.
This is a direct indication for the believer to promote the message of God in a way that proclaims the believers’ steadfast belief in God. The reward for doing this that God will pass it along to the angels of God. In this context “angels of God” could referrence those that have done this in the past and have resin into heaven or, a literal organization of angels in heaven to show what you’ve done for the cause of God.
This counteracts and covers those that will not publically proclaim God as the Son of Man. However, there is a minor discripency here; what would occur if an individual disowns God and then wants to reprent? Is that an option? The most common translation of “repent” is “turn” or “return”. Two requisites of repentance included in sub are “to turn from evil, and to turn to the good.” Most critical theologically is the idea of returning to God, or turning away from evil. If one turns away from God, apostasy is indicated. Three times Ezekiel included God’s call to the people of Israel: “Repent! Turn from your idols and renounce all your detestable practices!” “Repent! Turn away from all your offenses”, “Turn! Turn from your evil ways”. Such a call was characteristic of the prophets. Interestingly enough, Luke mentions repenting directly in Luke 24:46-47:
Luke 24: 46 He told them, “This is what is written: The Messiah will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and repentance for the forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Therefore, according to verses 46-47, we clearly see that The Messaiah has suffered in order for repenting to be possible.
The second question would be to ask if “disowning God” is under the weight of sin as any other sin? This would also imply that there are levels of sin. If this is true, how does one know what level of sin is being committed? And, how do you know whether or not you can repent and be forgiven for it. At the onset, this would contradict the very message of Christ that all sins have been forgiven due to Christ paying for the sins of the world when he died on the cross.
This verse is where a direct contradiction occurs in multiple ways. 1. You can be forgiven ONLY if you speak agains the Son of Man(Jesus Christ) but you can’t if you speak again the Holy Spirit. 2. If the God/Holy Spirit are omnipresent(everywhere all the time)then you have little hope of both; having the ability to reprent and, Sin(becuase humans aren’t perfect and will make mistakes). You are therefore stuck in a perpetual circle of messing, attempting to be sorry; just to realize that you can’t reach the gates of heaven by that method. Unless, of course, you know who you are sinning against. But, can you know?