Music therapy as an addition to standard care helps people with schizophrenia to improve their global state, mental state (including negative symptoms) and social functioning if a sufficient number of music therapy sessions are provided by qualified music therapists. Further research should especially address the long-term effects of music therapy, dose-response relationships, as well as the relevance of outcomes measures in relation to music therapy. Music therapy is a therapeutic method that uses music experiences to help people with serious mental disorders to develop relationships and to address issues they may not be able to using words alone. Studies to date have examined the effects of music therapy as an add-on treatment to standard care. The results of these studies suggest that music therapy improves global state and may also improve mental state and functioning if a sufficient number of music therapy sessions are provided.– Music therapy for people with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like disorders (Mössler K, Chen X, Heldal TO, Gold C)[1]

In conjunction with the research question of the effectiveness of music interventions on adolescents, evidence points to the music therapy technique of lyric analysis being an effective intervention for mental health professionals working with adolescents. Research establishes adolescence  40 to be a unique period in a person’s life requiring specific interventions to engage these clients in psychotherapy. In considering the significant impact music has on the life of an adolescent, lyric analysis tactfully recognizes the significance of an adolescent’s preferred music while utilizing the symbolic meaning behind the music to facilitate in-depth therapeutic discussion. -The Effectiveness of Music Interventions in Psychotherapy with Adolescent Clients (Hope Lauren Esala)[2]

The present study has found that music creates significant changes in systolic tension arterial and pulse oximeter values; significantly decreases pain, Faces Anxiety Scale, and state anxiety means scores and increases general comfort level. More research is needed on the effects of music offered by a trained music therapist. –The Effect of Music on Comfort, Anxiety and Pain in the Intensive Care Unit: A Case in Turkey (Hatice Çiftçi, MSc, RN, Gürsel Öztunç, PhD) [3]



According to a paper in the UK-based Journal of Advanced Nursing, listening to music can reduce chronic pain from a range of painful conditions, including osteoarthritis, disc problems, and rheumatoid arthritis, by up to 21%. [ref]


Diabetes: Injectable Insulin Treatment – Lose a Leg and Gain Possible Coma

by Thomas McGregor and Amy Gaines

Insulin Routines

  • Insulin is required for people with type 1 diabetes and sometimes necessary for people with type 2 diabetes.
  • The syringe is the most common form of insulin delivery, but there are other options, including insulin pens and pumps.
  • Insulin should be injected in the same general area of the body for consistency, but not the exact same place.
  • Insulin delivery should be timed with meals to effectively process the glucose entering your system.

With the help of your health care team, you can find an insulin routine that will keep your blood glucose near normal, help you feel good, and fit your lifestyle.

Type 1

People diagnosed with type 1 diabetes usually start with two injections of insulin per day of two different types of insulin and generally progress to three or four injections per day of insulin of different types. The types of insulin used to depend on their blood glucose levels. Studies have shown that three or four injections of insulin a day give the best blood glucose control and can prevent or delay the eye, kidney, and nerve damage caused by diabetes.

Type 2

Most people with type 2 diabetes may need one injection per day without any diabetes pills. Some may need a single injection of insulin in the evening (at supper or bedtime) along with diabetes pills. Sometimes diabetes pills stop working, and people with type 2 diabetes will start with two injections per day of two different types of insulin. They may progress to three or four injections of insulin per day.

Studies Concerning Pharmaceutical Treatment of Diabetes

Compiled by researchers from the U.K., the new study involved carefully scrutinizing the safety of insulin injections in order to gain a more thorough understanding of the treatment’s many possible side effects. Utilizing data from the U.K. General Practice Research Database, which included nearly 85,000 patients with Type II diabetes, researchers compared the side effects of insulin injections alone with four other common treatment protocols for the disease.

In the study the conclusion cited as follows: “The primary aim of diabetes management is the achievement and maintenance of normoglycemia. The importance of glucose control in reducing vascular outcomes is well known.” Something to notice about this statement is that the researchers are most interested in the management and maintenance of diabetes versus a cure. This results in the entire study being more about how to manage versus cure diabetes, which implies a continuation of the diabetic condition.

Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat, or feeling tired. About 30% of people have atypical symptoms. Women more often have atypical symptoms than men. Among those over 75 years old, about 5% have had an MI with little or no history of symptoms. An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, cardiogenic shock, or cardiac arrest. Metformin suppressed the liver into producing and releasing less sugar. 

Compared to metformin monotherapy, sulfonylurea monotherapy, metformin plus sulfonylurea combination therapy, and insulin plus metformin combination therapy, insulin monotherapy was found to increase the risk of both stroke and cancer by about 43 percent, and major adverse cardiac events by about 74 percent. And while the risk of myocardial infarction almost doubles while on insulin monotherapy, a risk of neuropathy more than doubles, according to the figures. Metformin is a hydrochloride (a chemical complex composed of an organic base (such as an alkaloid) in association with hydrogen chloride). Chemistry, a hydrochloride is an acid salt resulting, or regarded as resulting, from the reaction of hydrochloric acid with an organic base. An alternative name is chlorhydrate, which comes from French.

Endogenous means originating within the body, and exogenous means originating outside the body. Health professionals who treat people with diabetes often apply these terms to insulin: Endogenous insulin refers to the insulin the pancreas makes, and exogenous insulin refers to the insulin people inject or infuse via an insulin pump.

Sulfonylureas are a class of organic compounds used in medicine and agriculture. They are antidiabetic drugs widely used in the management of diabetes mellitus type 2. They act by increasing insulin release from the beta cells in the pancreas. A number of sulfonylureas are also used as herbicides (“weedkiller”) because they can interfere with plant biosynthesis of certain amino acids.

Being in a phenotypically different subgroup: Phenotypically is an observable physical or biochemical characteristic of an individual, as determined by both genetic makeup and environmental influences.  When you are placed in a subgroup, you are placed with a different or distinct group within a group; a subdivision of the main group.

Fact: 60% of the world’s type 2 diabetics live in Asia due to a high level of grains consumed in the typical Asian diet. 

In a CBS Miami report, takers of Metformin were willing to pay higher co-pays for a supplemental drug Invokana regardless of the increased risk of side effects. Same takers of the Metformin drug cited stomach and energy level issues when taking it. Invokana is an add-on in addition to Metformin and therein increases the risk of side effects. Additionally, Invokana (Johnson & Johnson) has had major litigation challenges since the side effects of the drug have become increasingly evident. In May 2017, the FDA issued another safety warning indicating that Invokana could increase the risk of leg and foot amputations. According to the FDA, between the launch of Invokana in March 2013 and June 6, 2014, the agency received at least 20 adverse event reports of users of SGLT2(The sodium/glucose cotransporter 2  is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC5A2(solute carrier family 5 (sodium/glucose cotransporter)) gene. SGLT2 is a member of the sodium glucose cotransporter family which are sodium-dependent glucose transport proteins. SGLT2 is the major cotransporter involved in glucose reabsorption in the kidney.) inhibitors, or kidney failure, suffering ketoacidosis. These resulted in hospitalization or the need for emergency room visits in every case. The FDA reported that it has continued to receive adverse event reports of similar problems since that time, and the agency is investigating the potential side effects of Invokana and related diabetes treatments. Although Invokana works by inhibiting kidney function, and several experts have suggested that the drug makers knew or should have known about the risk of kidney problems from Invokana, potential failure to warn claims are being reviewed for individuals who have suffered kidney failure after using the type 2 diabetes drug. In September 2015, the FDA issued a safety warning indicating that Invokana may increase the risk of bone fractures.


Victoza slows down digestion which “makes you feel fuller, longer” This does not treat the root cause, which is the decision on what you eat. What Victozaoza does is try to force you into not eating less by biochemical manipulation, not controlling what your lifestyle choices.

On May 17, 2015, in a Fox New report Dr. Mar Siegal cited that pharmaceuticals like Metformin and Janovia preserve a hormone called incretin. Dr. Siegal said that “Incretin is a hormone that is a precursor to insulin. Our body is trying to get rid of incretin all the time – that particular hormone and, Janovia keeps it around.” Wouldn’t seem logical that if the body is naturally attempting to get rid of the incretin in the body and, that taking a drug with noted side-effects that will keep the hormone around, is technically a toxic idea? Dr. Siegal went on to say that even if you aren’t that heavy but, are binge eating all the time that Janovia can help with that. Yes, you read that correctly. (Dr. Marc Siegel is an American physician, Fox News medical correspondent)

Bottom Line

These pharmaceutical drugs are by prescription only.

If you don’t want to change your lifestyle to something more healthy, you will still pay with the vast array of side-effects that these drugs hold in-store for you. Furthermore, stacking pharmaceuticals only increases your chances for drastic side-effects with the possibility of death.

The choice is yours.






What it Takes to BE Motivated — Consistently


Let’s face it — We aren’t motivated all the time. We go through peaks and valleys of motivation. When we are in a valley we tend to try to pull ourselves out by locking onto things that will motivate us. This might include things like listening to motivational speakers, reading motivational books and even attempting to change our state via chants and incantations. But question still remains; How does peak performers keep their state elevated day in and day out? The answer is simple, but may be more complex than most will be ready to commit to.

Before we get to the strategy of peak performer consistent motivation, let’s first examine our current state — and how we view it — our perception of how we feel. So, how do you feel right now? Your answer is a tell-all sign as to your readiness to take control of this peak and valleys process that we all seem to be victim of. If your answer was negative, then you may be the very thing that is holding you back from altering your motivation level. If your answer was semi-positive, then being on the fence is a sign of lack of focused decision making. If your answer was positive, then your ideal motivation state is higher than where you currently are. But simply becoming aware of HOW you answered the question is a very strong indicator of how you view your state. This tells you that you are judging yourself in some form or fashion, not allowing yourself to change by blocking growth.

STEP-BY-STEP: Here is your guide to accessing a consistent form of motivation…


STEP 1: CLEAR your mind of JUDGING your current state, allowing it to be as it is — regardless of how it feels. (EVEN if it feels horrible!) Peak performers allow how things are to just be, giving them an outside view and thus control.

STEP 2: THE KEY is to constantly adjust your mental image to something that motivates your deep down in your core. This is what peak athletes do but keeping in their mind the prize or accolades they will receive as a result winning.

STEP 3: REFOCUSING is the final step that is possibly the most crucial. You must keep refocusing your mind to that image as vividly as possible. This is paramount due to the vast amount of distractions that plague our daily existence. Keep moving your mind’s eye back to this image that keeps you going, regardless of what the external situations, people or circumstance may attempt to persuade you.


You have control over the 20% of your life that matters most. Ironically, that 20% directly influences the remaining 80% that most attempt to control. Don’t fall into that trap. Control that which is in your control, allow the rest to happen as result of your diligent efforts.




“Live your inspiration, deliberately!”

The Unexposed Secret of Perception

The mind is always an interesting subject of study. With the many facets of our intellect at our disposal, it seems that we fail to exercise even a fraction of what we are capable of. In some regard, this is in part the result of how we were raised as children – about 20%. The other 80% is due to our lack of engaging with our imagination and how we may internally change the way we see the world.

The idea that our perception can be altered by a simple internal shift my seem foreign to you, but let me assure you that there is nothing more intimate to you than anything else within your intellect. If you don’t believe me, just remember the last time you were asked to imagine a feeling different than what you were feeling at that moment. As soon as your feeling change, your perception of the current environment changed. As you can see, when the way we feel the way we see our environment changes to match the new feelings we are  experiencing. This same experience is typically enjoyed in the opposite manner; our environment is altered and thusly feelings follow. The question is; if I change my perception of the environment, will my environment change? Yes, it will. Don’t take fright, this is a positive. Since we can use our imagination to alter the way we feel, we can therefore change a negative situation into a positive. This enables us to make any situation or environment into a desirable sensation and outcome.

A study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows, that our imagination may affect how we experience the world more than we perhaps think. What we imagine hearing or seeing “in our head” can change our actual perception. The study, which is published in the scientific journal Current Biology, sheds new light on a classic question in psychology and neuroscience — about how our brains combine information from the different senses.

This deems our imagination of much more value than previously thought. We are endowed with a unique tool that can change the way we see our would. Just imagine, that you could directly see the wealth, health or prosperity you wanted to see? If we all knew the secret to this great deception, the lines would be around the block. The secret is not elusive, found in our ability to expand our imagination. When we expand out imagination we enable our mind to think outside the box of conventuality — the change in our inner reality to something of different via the use of imagining. When we look, we see that our imagination are a series of images that appear in the eye of our mind. These images typically guide the way we lead our life. We “imagine” how someone is going to act. We “imagine” how the party is going to unroll. In fact, we often hear proclaimed “I imagine the drive will be pleasant.” This leaves us to believe that aspect of our imagination are fixed and unchangeable. Delightfully, this is the furthest from the truth. Every aspect of our imagination is flexible and open to our will of change. This is the golden ticket to the human experience.

The most important component that supports our ability to alter our perception of our environment is that of the strength of our imagination. Our imagination is strengthen directly when we attempt to think as if anything were a unique possibility. Through out imagination, we can exaggerate and extend each though(image)into something that is more brilliant or interesting. We can create our mental images as elaborate as we want. A creative inter expression that is pre-physical creation.

Once we have made the imaginative shift, we are therefore able to experience changes in our external environment. At this juncture, the changes we experience wont seem as a shock or foreign. You will feel comfortable as you are now relating your inner experience with your external. Now, you can experience what you want to experience when you want to experience at will. The simple act of using our inherent imagination to influence our inner state therein changes how we perceive the world for which we live.

Week in Review – Gratitude Journal


Gratitude is the cornerstone of success in any field or area of cultivation and growth. Therefore, I keep a consistent gratitude journal every day that illuminates the things in my life that are amazing and well worth noting.

Many guru’s have spoken of the benefits of keeping a journal of this nature. Oprah even has spoken of listing five things per day of the things, people and situations that you were thankful for throughout that day. Release these wonderful thoughts into the world as a way of giving back what you have been given.

In this review, I will list six things; three – internal, three – external.


  1. I am supremely thankful for the patience I have and that continues to cultivate.
  2. I am supremely thankful for the peace that arises within me each morning.
  3. I am supremely thankful for focus of mind and clarity in focus.


  1. I am supremely thankful for the opportunities that have expectingly   blossomed.
  2. I am supremely thankful for the people that fill my life with happiness and joy.
  3. I am supremely thankful for the creative forces that have mysteriously made themselves known.


Be sure to be thankful for a least one thing, in earnest, every day. This simple act of gratitude replaces your negative energy with a clean sense of spirit. Your mind will clear, and new endeavors will present themselves.

Happy Gratituding!